The prostate, a small muscular gland in the male reproductive system, produces fluid that aids in sperm transport during ejaculation. When the prostate enlarges, often referred to as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), it can cause problems with urination and ejaculation.

This enlargement is common as men age and is not indicative of cancer risk.

Symptoms of BPH:
Frequent or urgent need to urinate.
Increased urination at night.
Difficulty initiating urination.
Weak or interrupted urine stream.
Dribbling at the end of urination.
Inability to fully empty the bladder.

Self-care tips for mild symptoms:
Urinating as soon as you feel the urge.
Regularly scheduling bathroom breaks, even without urgency.
Performing Kegel exercises to strengthen pelvic muscles.
Avoiding alcohol and caffeine.
Avoid medications containing decongestants or antihistamines.
Keep warm and exercise regularly. Cold weather and lack of activity may worsen symptoms.

Medications:
Alpha-1 blockers to relax muscles and ease urination.
Hormone reduction medications to reduce gland size.
Antibiotics for prostate inflammation treatment.

Surgery:
Only few patients need surgery to treat BPH when medications aren’t effective. Several different types of surgery can remove prostate. Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is the most effective treatment for most cases of BPH. Under this, doctor inserts resectoscope through your urethra that allows them to see and remove prostate tissue.

Prostate-friendly diet:
Consume fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats, such as berries, broccoli, citrus fruits, nuts, tomatoes, and turmeric.
Avoid processed foods, sugars, carbohydrates, alcohol, caffeine, dairy, red meat, and excessive salt intake.

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