What is Insomnia? – Treatment & Prevention:

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that makes it difficult to fall asleep, stay asleep, or get good quality sleep.

Treatment of Insomnia:
Includes therapy, medication, and supplements, as well as natural remedies.

Therapy:
Stimulus control: This technique teaches you to get out of bed and find a quiet and relaxing activity until you feel sleepy.
Sleep restriction: Initially restricts and then gradually increases the amount of time you spend in bed.
Bright light therapy: Involves exposure to bright light in the morning or evening, depending on whether you have more trouble falling asleep or staying asleep.
Medications and Supplements: A doctor may prescribe medication to treat insomnia, such as: Eszopiclone (Lunesta), Zolpidem (Ambien), Triazolam (Halcion). Supplements like melatonin can also offer some relief from insomnia.

Prevention:
Maintain roughly the same schedule for sleeping and waking, even on weekends.
Dim the lights and put down electronic devices an hour or so before bedtime.
Avoid napping, especially if sleeping during the day keeps you awake at night.
Stay active — regular activity helps promote a good night’s sleep.
Avoid or limit caffeine and alcohol, and don’t use nicotine.
Avoid large meals and beverages before bedtime.
Make your bedroom comfortable for sleep and only use it for sex or sleep.
Create a relaxing bedtime ritual, such as taking a warm bath, reading, or listening to soft music.

Insomnia is a sleep disorder that can affect mental and emotional health along with physical well-being. Following the recommended therapies, medications, and prevention strategies can contribute to improving sleep quality and overall health.

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