Knee replacement surgery involves the replacement of parts of injured or worn-out knee joints with metal and plastic components. This procedure is often done to ease pain caused by arthritis, improving mobility and quality of life.

There are different types of knee replacements:
Total Knee Replacement: The entire knee is replaced.
Partial Knee Replacement: Only the affected part of the knee is replaced.
Bilateral Knee Replacement: Both knees are replaced simultaneously.

Procedure Overview:
During knee replacement surgery, the surgeon makes an incision over the knee, removes diseased bone and cartilage, and implants replacement parts into the thighbone, shinbone, and kneecap.

The surgery typically takes 1 to 2 hours, and some individuals can go home the same day. Most knee replacements last 15 to 20 years.

Tips for Maintaining Healthy Knees:
Exercise: Don’t rest too much: As it can weaken muscles. Also do not over-exercise, as it may strain knee joints. Focus on exercises strengthening upper and lower leg muscles. Choose low-impact activities like walking, cycling, and swimming.
Avoid high-impact exercises such as running, jumping, and kickboxing, which can further injure painful knees.
RICE Method: Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation (RICE) are effective for knee pain caused by minor injuries. Manage weight: If you’re overweight, losing weight reduces the stress on your knee.
Eat a healthy Diet: Consume a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, fish, nuts, and beans. Limit processed foods and saturated fats to reduce arthritis risk.
Bone Health: Ensure a diet high in calcium and vitamin D or consider supplements.
Footwear: Wear properly fitting shoes and avoid high heels.

In conclusion, these practices contribute to overall joint health and may prevent arthritis and knee replacement surgery.
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