Kidney Failure, also known as End-stage renal disease, occurs when the kidneys lose the ability to filter waste from the blood adequately.

Symptoms of Kidney Failure:
Reduced amount of urine, Swelling of your legs, ankles, and feet from fluid retention, Shortness of breath, Excessive fatigue.

Causes of Kidney Failure:
The two leading causes of kidney failure are high blood pressure and diabetes. Others are heart disease, liver failure, kidney stones, and prostate issues. Notably, diabetes is the most common cause, affecting about one-third of adults with diabetes.

Treatment:
The type of treatment depends on the cause and stage of your kidney failure.

  1. Dialysis: Dialysis filters and purifies the blood using a machine to performs the function of the kidneys. Dialysis doesn’t cure kidney failure, but can extend your life.
  2. Kidney Transplant: A transplant offers fully functioning kidney, eliminating the need for dialysis.

Lifestyle Modifications:
Significant lifestyle changes to prevent kidney failure, such as minimizing alcohol intake and adopting a diet low in sodium, potassium, and phosphorus (aim for less than 2,000mg/day, 2,000mg/day, and 1,000mg/day, respectively).

Kidney Transplant Procedure:
Even though we are born with two kidneys, we can lead a healthy life with only one functioning kidney. In a kidney transplant, one or both kidneys are replaced with donor kidneys, either from a living or deceased person. 

Kidney Donors: Kidney donors may be either living or deceased.
Living donors: If your family member’s blood and tissues match your blood and tissues, you can schedule a planned donation. Receiving a kidney from a family member is a good option. It reduces the risk that your body will reject the kidney, and it enables you to bypass the multiyear waiting list for a deceased donor. On average, transplanted kidneys last approximately 10 years.

Kidney Transplantation in India:
is done under the rules and regulations laid by the Govt. of India, mainly to avoid illegal selling of organs for monetary benefit.
Under that kidney donor will be:
Near related donor (includes brother, sister, mother, father, son, daughter, grandmother, grandfather, grandson and granddaughter)
Spousal donor
Donor other than near relative: neighbour, friend etc. who is emotionally attached to the patient.

Currently, the one-year kidney transplant survival rate is 95%. The average three- to five-year survival rate is 90%.

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