What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma, the second leading cause of global blindness, is an eye disease that damages the optic nerve responsible for transmitting visual information from the eyes to the brain.

Recently, one of my relatives lost 80% of vision in one eye due to glaucoma. This has prompted me to emphasize the importance of creating awareness about glaucoma.

Symptoms of Glaucoma:
The primary open-angle glaucoma, the most common type, often exhibits no symptoms except for gradual vision loss. Therefore, regular comprehensive eye exams are crucial for early detection.

Causes of Glaucoma:
The eye continuously produces fluid, which should drain through channels in the cornea and iris. Blockage of these channels can lead to increased intraocular pressure (IOP), damaging nerves and causing vision loss.

Types of Glaucoma:
Open-Angle (Chronic) Glaucoma: Gradual vision loss with no early symptoms.
Angle-Closure (Acute) Glaucoma: A medical emergency.
Other Types: Congenital, Secondary, and Normal Tension Glaucoma.

Treatment:
While there is no cure, the primary goal is to reduce IOP and prevent further eyesight loss.

Medication:
Eye drops are the first line of treatment to lower IOP.

Surgery:
If blockage causes increased IOP, surgery is necessary to create a drainage path for fluid.

Unfortunately, vision lost due to glaucoma cannot be restored, underscoring the importance of prevention.

Prevention:
Although glaucoma cannot be prevented, early detection is vital. Get regular eye examinations.

Family History:
Know your family’s eye health history, as glaucoma often runs in families.
Eye Injuries: Protect your eyes during activities such as using power tools or playing sports.
Glaucoma Eye Drops: High-risk individuals should use eye drops to reduce the risk of high eye pressure progressing to glaucoma.

Remember, Regular eye exams with pressure measurements can slow or prevent vision loss if glaucoma is detected early.

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