What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are enlarged, twisted veins that usually appear on the legs. They occur when the valves in the veins do not function properly, leading to blood pooling in the veins and causing them to become swollen and distorted.

Causes of varicose veins:
Varicose veins have one-way valves that prevent blood from flowing backward. When these valves fail, blood begins to collect in the veins.

Symptoms of Varicose Veins:
Swollen, twisted veins that are visible.Pain or heaviness in the legs. Skin around them may become dark purple or blue.

Treatment:

  1. Elevation: To increase blood flow in veins, elevate your legs above your waist several times throughout the day.
  2. Stockings: These special stockings apply pressure to improve blood flow and reduce swelling.
  3. Injection therapy (sclerotherapy): This causes the vein walls to stick together. Eventually, your vein turns into scar tissue and fades away.
  4. Laser therapy: This is minimal invasive procedure. Doctor uses a catheter and laser to close off a damaged vein.
  5. Surgery: In severe cases, surgery is performed to remove the affected veins.

Prevention:

  1. Avoid standing for extended periods of time.
  2. Maintain a healthy weight.
  3. Stay active: To improve circulation, move frequently and avoid sitting still for prolonged periods.

Millions of people live with varicose veins. For most people, varicose veins do not cause serious health problems. One should visit doctor if veins are Bleeding, Discoloured, Painful and warm to the touch.

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