What is Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR)? CPR is a lifesaving technique.

It aims to keep blood and oxygen flowing through the body when a person’s heart and breathing have stopped. CPR is for people experiencing cardiac arrest.

There is difference between cardiac arrest and heart attack: A heart attack is when blood flow to the heart is blocked whereas cardiac arrest is when the heart malfunctions and suddenly stops beating. It is believed that CPR can double or triple the chances of survival after cardiac arrest. The primary goal of CPR is to keep blood flow active until medical professionals arrive.

Types of CPR:
There are two types of CPR: Hands-only CPR and CPR with breaths. People who have no CPR training should use hands-only CPR.

Basic Steps of CPR:

  1. Survey the scene – Make sure it is safe for you to reach the person in need of help.
  2. Check the person for responsiveness. Tap their shoulder and ask loudly, “Are you OK?”
  3. Activate Emergency Services: Call emergency services.
  4. Check for Breathing: After confirming the absence of normal breathing, begin chest compressions.
  5. Place the person on a firm, flat surface.
  6. Chest Compressions: Place the heel of one hand on the center of the chest, just below the nipple line. Interlace your fingers and position yourself with your shoulders directly above your hands. Perform chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute. Ensure that each compression allows for a full chest recoil. 
  7. Rescue Breaths: After 30 compressions, provide two rescue breaths. Ensure the airway is open, pinch the victim’s nose shut, and deliver breaths until you see the chest rise. Continue this cycle until emergency medical help arrives or the victim begins to breathe on their own.

Use of Automated External Defibrillator (AED): If an AED is available, follow the device’s instructions. Attach the pads to the victim’s chest, and the AED will analyze the heart rhythm. Conclusion: In emergencies, knowing how to perform CPR can be the difference between life and death.

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