Welcome to Niamini 
In this video, let’s understand cancer – causes, treatment, and it’s prevention.


According to the World Health Organization, cancer was responsible for nearly 1 in 6 deaths in 2020, making it the second-leading cause of death globally.

What is cancer? Cancer occurs when genetic mutations in abnormal cells cause rapid division. These mutations can be inherited or develop due to environmental factors Rapidly growing abnormal cells can form tumors, although not all tumors are cancerous.

Causes of cancer:
The primary cause of cancer is mutations or changes in DNA. These mutations can be inherited or result from environmental factors, known as carcinogens. Carcinogens encompass physical factors like radiation and UV light, chemical factors like cigarette smoke and asbestos, and biological factors like viruses and bacteria. Various factors, including genetics, lifestyle choices, and the environment, contribute to cancer risk.

According to the WHO, about 33 percent of cancer deaths may be caused by tobacco, alcohol, high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable consumption, and not getting enough physical activity.

Types of cancer:
Cancers are named based on their origin, even if they spread For example, lung cancer that spreads to the liver is still termed lung cancer.

Common types include Carcinoma (skin and organ lining), Sarcoma (connective tissues), Leukemia (bone marrow), and Lymphoma/Myeloma (immune system).

Symptoms of Cancer:
Recognizing cancer’s symptoms is crucial These include lumps, unexplained weight loss, fever, fatigue, pain, night sweats, digestion changes, skin changes, and persistent cough.

Early detection is vital Cancer stages. Cancer stages range from 0 to 4, with higher numbers indicating more advanced cancer.

Treatment options Common treatments comprise surgery to remove tumors, radiation therapy to target cancer cells, and chemotherapy to halt their growth. Early detection enhances treatment effectiveness.

Alternative medicine: No, alternative cancer treatments have been proven to cure cancer.

Prevention Preventive measures to reduce cancer risk encompass quitting smoking, limiting sun exposure, maintaining a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables, regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, moderate alcohol consumption. Incorporate a variety of colorful fruits and vegetables into your meals Take antioxidant-rich berries like blueberries and strawberries. Sip on green tea, a source of antioxidants.

Some lesser-known facts about cancer cancer can affect animals as well.

Vaccine: Certain viruses increase your risk of cancer Like hepatitis B, which increases the risk of liver cancer.

By understanding the causes, seeking early detection, and embracing preventive measures, we can collectively work towards a world with fewer cancer diagnoses and more success stories of survival.

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Asante Sana

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